Are you looking for a painting company in Colleyville? The professionals at Alliance Painting DFW have you covered for all your residential painting needs! Our work speaks for itself, just ask one of our many satisfied clients. The profession of painting has been around for a long time. Here, we thought we would go over a quick history of paint for your enjoyment.

Primitive Painting

  • Before history recorded history, primitive peoples would use materials they found around them to mark their territory and surroundings. The earliest paints used during this time were made by hand from mineral based pigments found in nature.
  • The most common mineral based pigments (coloring materials that create a paint when mixed with a base) during pre historic times were charcoal, sap, blood, berry juice, and ochre. These minerals would be mixed with bases like urine, animal fat, water, or saliva to create a paint.
  • The two oldest pieces of evidence of paint making were found in Blombos Cave in South Africa. The first is an ochre mixture that was found to be over 100,000 years old, and the second a toolkit that could be used to grind ochre into paint that was 70,000 years old.
  • The beginnings of history can possibly be said to have occurred with the Paleolithic cave paintings dating back to 40,000 years ago in ancient Europe, Australia, and Indonesia. These cave paintings used paints made of calcite, charcoal, manganese oxide, and hematite to create depictions of humans and animals.
  • Cave paintings of these times would be painted smearing or dabbing the paint on the wall, although sometimes a hollow bone was used as an airbrush through which paint was blown through.
  • Anthropologists can take a thousands year old painting and, using the trace minerals that still remain in the pigment, deduce when and how it was made. This is how a famous route primitive peoples used to mine ochres from the Lascaux Cave 25,000 years ago was discovered in what is now France.

Ancient Painting

  • Anthropologists have noted that certain artistic practices indicate collaboration among artists during ancient times, with similar artistic styles showing up in Egyptian, Minoan, Greek, and Roman paintings.
  • Egyptian tombs would be made of limestone materials, covered in plaster, and painted six different colors: red ochre, charcoal black, yellow orpiment, brown ochre, green malachite, and blue azurite. The famous King Tut was entombed with a paint box that held powdered malachite, red ochre, and orpiment.
  • To get paint to adhere to plaster, Egyptians would attach their mineral pigments to bases like egg, resin, or beeswax.
  • The technique of frescoe painting was developed by the Minoans, who painted on a wetted lime plaster. This allowed for a much more durable piece of artwork.
  • The first ever lead paint was a lead white paint developed by the Ancient Greeks. This lead white paint remained the most popular white paint around the world until titanium dioxide was introduced in the nineteenth century. Unfortunately, lead based paints caused a wide range of health issues for artists for centuries before it was replaced.
  • Some Greek paintings are still extant. They were able to last for so many centuries because they were painted using beeswax based encaustic techniques.
  • The Roman paint repertoire utilized both Egyptian and Greek pigments, even shipping in red vermillion that was mined from Spain.
  • Many of Rome’s paintings were well preserved by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in the year 79 BC. The paintings that endured were the ones that used techniques from Greeks and Minoans, like the beeswax encaustic murals.

Middle Ages/Rennaissance

  • A popular painting method used in the Middle Ages utilized egg tempura (a mixture of egg and water). Mixed with pigment, this paint finish was applied in multiple layers to avoid cracking. This technique, called glazing, created a highly finished appearance.
  • Sometimes new colors will come into being with new pigments. This was the case for Ultramarine, a color that came about in the Middle Ages after it was discovered it could be processed from lapis lazuli shipped from Afghanistan.
  • During the Renaissance, egg was replaced as a based by walnut or linseed oil. Both of these bases allowed for a more luminous effects to be included in Renaissance era paintings.
  • Famous Renaissance artists da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Rembrandt all at one point utilized natural mineral pigments dug up and carved into chalks.

We hope this quick overview of the history of paint has proven interesting. If you are looking for a painting company in Colleyville or the surrounding areas, trust the professionals at Alliance Painting DFW. We have helped over 3,800 people realize their dream home with our residential painting services. For more information, please do not hesitate to give us a call at your earliest convenience. We will be happy to answer any questions that you may have.